Charlotte Ryckman

Charlotte Ryckman

Charlotte Ryckman assists clients across a complex range of regulatory, legal and procedural matters. Her practice focuses on the European Union rules and on the laws in key EU Member States, including Belgium and The Netherlands.  Ms. Ryckman has experience in assisting pharmaceutical and medical device companies in a variety of life science regulatory matters. She also advises international companies on data privacy matters such as data breaches and international transfers. Ms. Ryckman has been involved in representing some of these companies in high-profile litigation matters in Belgium.  Ms. Ryckman’s practice also focuses on environmental and product safety matters, particularly regarding telecommunications.

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Upcoming European Chemical Restrictions in Apparel Raise Concerns

The European Commission intends to ban the use in apparel of hundreds of Cat. 1A and 1B carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic for reproduction substances (“CMRs”) within the next year. To do so, the Commission expects to use the so-called “fast-track” procedure to ban CMRs under Regulation 1907/2006 (“REACH Regulation”), instead of the standard procedure for … Continue Reading

Can Courts Oblige States to Increase Greenhouse Gas Emission Cuts? Urgenda vs. Dutch State

On September 23, the Dutch Government appealed a decision* of the District Court in The Hague that obliges the Dutch State to reduce its greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions by at least 25%, instead of the currently envisaged 17%, compared to 1990 levels.  The decision is unique in its kind in Europe: it forces a government … Continue Reading

The Road to Paris 2015: EU Emissions Trading Scheme and its Application to Non-EEA Airlines – Enforcement on the Rise?

Europe is stepping up enforcement of its climate change rules against foreign airlines.  Recently, a Belgian authority competent for the enforcement of the EU Emissions Trading System (“ETS”) on airlines flying to and from Brussels, collected a fine of €1.4 million.  The fine was imposed on Saudi Arabian Airlines for failing to surrender emission allowances.  … Continue Reading

The Road to Paris 2015: The European Commission Announces its Initiatives to Achieve a European Energy Union and an International Climate Change Deal

On February 25, 2015, the European Commission presented three communications on: a Framework Strategy for a Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy; Achieving the 10% Electricity Interconnection Target: Making Europe’s Electricity Grid Fit for 2010; and The Paris Protocol: A Blueprint for Tackling Global Climate Change Beyond 2020. These three Communications build … Continue Reading

Large EU Member States Take National Divergent Measures on Shale Gas Extraction

Member States continue to adopt national and divergent rules on hydraulic fracturing across Europe.  Last week, the United Kingdom facilitated hydraulic fracturing operations by adopting its Infrastructure 2015 Act.  In contrast, Germany is considering the adoption of a legislative proposal that is intended to be more restrictive than the European Commission’s Recommendation on Hydraulic Fracturing. … Continue Reading

NGOs May Sue European Governments for Failure to Comply with EU Mandatory Environmental Standards

In November, the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CoJ”) held once again that NGOs and persons directly concerned may bring legal actions before national courts against EU Member States that fail to comply with EU mandatory environmental standards.  The CoJ’s decision (CJEU, C-404/13) concerned the UK government’s failure to adopt adequate plans to … Continue Reading

The Road to Paris 2015: European Council Deal on Future Climate Change and Energy Policy

Last Thursday, the 28 Heads of State of the European Union meeting at the European Council reached a political agreement on the EU’s climate and energy framework for 2030.  The compromise is intended to send a signal in anticipation of the next United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (“UNFCCC”) Conference of Parties scheduled for … Continue Reading

EU Consultation on the Development of Criteria to Identify Endocrine Disruptors in Biocidal and Plant Protection Products

On September 26th the European Commission launched a public consultation on the development of criteria to identify endocrine disrupting chemicals in biocidal and plant protection products.  The consultation is open for contributions until January 16th, 2015, and its results may significantly impact a wide variety of products (e.g., cosmetics, medical devices, pharmaceuticals, consumer products) as … Continue Reading

EU Court Confirms Support for Protective Local Green Energy Schemes: Will This Approach Spill Over to Other National Environmental Measures?

EU Member State green energy schemes that only support locally produced renewable energy are compatible with EU law.  This is the main conclusion of the Court of Justice of the European Union in its judgment of 11 September 2014 (CJEU, Joined Cases C-204/12 to C-208/12, Essent Belgium NV v. Vlaamse Reguleringsinstantie voor de Electriciteits- en … Continue Reading

EU Court Allows Discriminatory Green Energy Support Schemes

David Haughan, Stagiarie, Summer 2014, contributed to this post.  Mr. Haughan was a legal trainee at the Brussels office of Covington and Burling LLP during the Summer of 2014.  David studies at King’s College, London. In a landmark decision (CJEU, C-573/12, Ålands Vindkraft AB v. Energimyndigheten) the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled … Continue Reading

The EU’s New Energy Efficiency Directive Becomes Applicable Across Europe

On June 5, 2014, the European Union’s Energy Efficiency Directive (“EED”) will become applicable in all EU Member States. This Directive establishes an EU-wide framework aimed at promoting energy efficiency and will provide important challenges and opportunities for companies doing business in Europe. What is the purpose of the Directive? The EED is one of … Continue Reading
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