Bud Earley

Bud Earley

Bud Earley, a non-lawyer senior advisor, provides analysis and advice on a wide range of federal and state energy regulatory issues, including transaction and rate issues, regional transmission organization (RTO) tariffs and rules, interconnection, retail choice and demand response for electricity customers, a natural gas pipelines and hydroelectric facility licenses, and LNG export authorizations.

Working with Covington teams, Mr. Earley has provided expert advice and analysis to investment firms, utilities, independent power producers, project developers, customers, marketers and U.S. and international energy companies,

Prior to joining Covington, Mr. Earley served for over 30 years in various staff positions at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). While at the FERC, Mr. Earley was instrumental in developing and applying policies regarding the transition of the electric utility industry to competition, including policies regarding independent power producers, transmission access, standard generator interconnection procedures, organized electricity markets, mergers and market-based rates.

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FERC Lowers Regulatory Burdens for Electricity Sellers in RTO/ISO Markets

FERC has streamlined its rules so that generators in the organized markets operated by Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and Independent System Operators (ISOs) no longer need to demonstrate a lack of horizontal market power in order to charge flexible market-based rates.  Instead, FERC will rely on existing market monitoring and mitigation measures in place in … Continue Reading

FERC Denies Rehearing on Electricity Storage Rule

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has issued an order denying all requests for rehearing of its rule aimed at clearing away obstacles to participation by electric storage resources in wholesale markets administered by Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and Independent System Operators (ISOs).[1]  Electric storage resources often complement renewable resources when the sun is not … Continue Reading

FERC Considering Reforms to ROE Determinations

Setting the return on equity (ROE) that utility stockholders may earn from providing certain services, primarily electric transmission and pipeline services, is a fundamental aspect of FERC’s cost-of-service regulatory regime.[1]  FERC has used the same basic method to determine ROE since the 1980s but recently made some reforms that applied to a few electric transmission … Continue Reading

FERC Approves Notice Requirement For Public Utility Mergers and Acquisitions Under New Monetary Threshold

FERC has approved a final rule that sets a $10 million threshold for requiring FERC prior approval of public utility mergers and consolidations and requires public utilities to simply notify FERC of mergers and consolidations with a value over $1 million but less than $10 million.  The changes place mergers and consolidations under the same … Continue Reading

FERC Proposes to Reduce Regulatory Burdens for Electricity Sellers in RTO/ISO Markets

FERC recently proposed to streamline its market power rules so that generators in markets operated by Regional Transmission Organizations and Independent System Operators would no longer need to demonstrate a lack of horizontal market power in order to charge flexible market-based rates.  Instead, FERC will rely on the existing market monitoring and mitigation measures approved … Continue Reading

DOE Drops “End Use” Requirement From LNG Export Reporting

DOE’s authorizations to export natural gas, including LNG, from the U.S. impose reporting requirements regarding the destination of the exported gas and certain contracts regarding its supply and sales.  DOE recently modified one of those requirements in a significant way and proposed sharper guidelines for complying another to minimize regulatory burdens and reduce administrative uncertainty.  … Continue Reading

New York Proposes Innovative Carbon Pricing for Electricity

Carbon pricing is seen by many as an effective means of reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from electricity generation.  California and several Eastern states have enacted “cap and trade” emission allowance programs, which have forced generators in those states to pay a price for their CO2 emissions.  With the Obama Administration’s Clean Power Plan not … Continue Reading

FERC Proposes Notice Requirement For Public Utility Mergers and Acquisitions Under New Monetary Threshold

A recent amendment to the Federal Power Act (FPA) that will become effective March 27, 2019 sets a $10 million threshold for requiring Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) prior approval of public utility mergers and consolidations.  That amendment also calls for FERC to adopt a rule requiring public utilities to simply notify FERC of mergers … Continue Reading

DOE Fast Tracks Small Scale LNG Exports and Provides Assurance on Export Orders

The Department of Energy (DOE) recently acted in two separate orders to clear the path for small volume exports of LNG and allay concerns about the durability of its export authorizations.  In July, 2018, DOE adopted a rule to streamline its standards and process for approving small-scale LNG exports.  In a separate policy statement issued … Continue Reading

FERC Calls For More Comments On Distributed Resource Aggregation

Taking another step toward a comprehensive policy on the participation of electric storage resources and other distributed electric resources (DERs) in wholesale markets run by independent grid operators, FERC has requested additional comments on its proposal regarding aggregating DERs and their potential effects on the bulk power system.  FERC’s request follows up on a technical … Continue Reading

FERC Reviewing Gas Pipeline Policy

Under the Natural Gas Act (NGA), FERC certificates the construction and operation of pipelines to transport natural gas in interstate commerce if they are “required by the present or future public convenience and necessity.”  For almost two decades, FERC has used a 1999 policy statement’s guidelines to evaluate whether new pipelines meet that statutory standard.  … Continue Reading

Coming Up: FERC Conference on Storage Resources in PJM

In its recent landmark Order No. 841, FERC directed Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs) and Independent System Operators (ISOs) to remove barriers to participation by electric storage resources in their wholesale electricity markets.  The expectation is that each RTO/ISO will adopt rules that recognize and compensate physical and operational characteristics of storage resources, including battery storage, … Continue Reading

FERC Requires Generators to Provide Primary Frequency Response

FERC has approved a final rule requiring generating facilities that interconnect to the grid to provide primary frequency response.[1]  Primary frequency response actions are needed to stop extraordinary deviations from the grid’s target frequency that could cause grid instability.  The North American Electric Reliability Corporation, the group responsible for grid reliability standards, said that “(f)requency … Continue Reading

FERC Lowers Barriers to Electricity Storage

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), with four new Commissioners confirmed during the latter half of 2017, including a new Chairman, is taking a critical next step toward clearing away obstacles to wholesale market participation by storage resources, a key emerging technology. At its recent public meeting, FERC approved a final rule that largely adopted … Continue Reading

FERC Requests More Comments on Grid Service Proposal

In November 2016, FERC issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) that would require new generating facilities to install and operate equipment that provides primary frequency response service to the grid.   Based on some of the comments received on the NOPR, FERC issued a request for supplemental comments. The reliable operation of the alternating current … Continue Reading

FERC IS BACK AND FACES A FULL PLATE OF ELECTRICITY ISSUES (Volume 3)

This is the third and final of three posts on this blog providing short summaries of the generic electricity policy initiatives already teed up and awaiting possible action by the newly-constituted FERC.  Together, these three posts describe initiatives that address fundamental market and resource issues spanning a broad range of FERC’s electricity authorities. Today’s post … Continue Reading

FERC IS BACK AND FACES A FULL PLATE OF ELECTRICITY ISSUES (Volume 2)

This is the second post of three on this blog providing short summaries of the generic electricity policy initiatives already teed up and awaiting possible action by the newly-constituted FERC.  Together, these three posts describe initiatives that address fundamental market and resource issues spanning a broad range of FERC’s electricity authorities. Today’s post summarizes initiatives … Continue Reading

FERC Gets Comments on Electric Storage Proposal

Electric storage resources such as batteries and flywheels are shaping the grid of the future. The ability of these resources to absorb and discharge electricity gives the resources operational flexibility that allows them to provide a variety of services to help keep the power grid in balance.  Energy storage installations in the U.S. grew 100% in … Continue Reading

NY ISO Outlines Steps For Integrating Distributed Resources

The NY Independent System Operator recently issued a plan for addressing the nuts-and-bolts issues associated with integrating distributed energy resources (DERs) into the wholesale electricity market.  The NYISO says its Distributed Energy Resources Roadmap for New York’s Wholesale Electricity Markets is “the first step in building (the) grid of the future” and seamless transition “from a … Continue Reading

FERC Addresses Electric Storage Complaint

A previous post on this blog reported a complaint by an electric storage resource owner that FERC must reform a Regional Transmission Organization’s (RTO’s) tariff with respect to the treatment of storage batteries.  In response, FERC issued an Order that requires the RTO to adopt rules that allow storage resources to participate in all of … Continue Reading

FERC Clarifies Cost Recovery Flexibility for Electric Storage Resources

As part of an ongoing effort to address issues raised by, and encourage the entry of, distributed energy resources, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) last week issued a Policy Statement clarifying the flexibility electric storage resources have regarding rate designs to recover their costs.  FERC earlier proposed rules to remove barriers to the participation of storage … Continue Reading

FERC Proposes Requiring New Generators to Provide A Grid Support Service

One factor driving the grid of the future is the change in the nation’s electric generator resource mix, such as the retirement of traditional baseload generation and an increasing proportion of variable energy resources, such as wind and solar.  This evolution has raised concern that the capability to provide “primary frequency response,” a critical grid … Continue Reading

FERC Proposes Rules to Remove Barriers to Electric Storage and Other Distributed Resources

Electricity storage resources are shaping the grid of the future.  Large-scale batteries and flywheels are now able to provide services to grid operators to help keep the bulk power system in balance.  Electric storage resources’ ability to absorb and discharge electricity provides them with significant operational flexibility, and they can be designed to provide a … Continue Reading
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